Glycaemic Control and Practice of Self-Care Behaviors among People with Type 2 Diabetes in Nigeria

Glycaemic Control and Practice of Self-Care Behaviors among People with Type 2 Diabetes in Nigeria

Nnena A. Osuji, Oluwaseun S. Ojo, Sunday O. Malomo, Adegbola M. Ige, Ademola O. Egunjobi, Adesoji J. Adeyemo

Abstract

Objective: The practice of self-care behaviors by patients with diabetes mellitus plays a vital role in achieving optimal glycaemic control. Previous Nigerian studies discussed how the knowledge of self-care behaviors among people with diabetes influences glycaemic control rather than the impact of these behaviors on glycaemic control. This study assesses the relationship between the practice of diabetes self-care behaviors and glycaemic control.

Research Design and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among people with type 2 diabetes at the medical outpatient clinic of the hospital. Three hundred and sixteen participants were recruited over four months, however, due to incomplete data only 313 of these participants were analyzed. Data on respondents’ characteristics and level of self-care behaviors were obtained using a pretested questionnaire and Summary of Diabetic Self-Care Activities (SDSCA). A1C was used as an indicator of glycaemic control.

Results: The proportion of the participants with “good” glycaemic control and “good” practice of self-care behaviors were 40.6% and 26.8% respectively. Female gender (P=0.002, OR=4.23), using only oral hypoglycaemic agents (P=0.029, OR=4.83), the absence of truncal obesity (P<0.001, OR=15.33), and “good” practice of self-care behavior (P<0.001, OR=5.86) were predictors of “good” glycaemic control.

Conclusions: The proportion of patients with “good” glycaemic control and “good” practice of self-care behaviors were low. The predictors of glycaemic control in this study, which included medical and non-medical components of diabetes care, underscores the importance of a multi-pronged approach involving prescriptive practices by physicians and improved self-care behavioral practices by patients.


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17125/plaid.2019.112

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Copyright (c) 2019 Nnenna Angelina Osuji, Oluwaseun Solomon Ojo, Sunday Olukayode Malomo, Taiwo Peter Sogunle, Adegbola Meeden Ige, Ademola Oluwaseun Egunjobi, Adesoji Jacob Adeyemo

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.